Acid mine drainage

sub-council report

Publisher: NIPCC in [Washington, D.C.]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 13 Downloads: 225
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Subjects:

  • Acid mine drainage.

Edition Notes

StatementNational Industrial Pollution Control Council.
ContributionsNational Industrial Pollution Control Council.
The Physical Object
Pagination13 p. ;
Number of Pages13
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22392872M

The formation of acid mine drainage and the contaminants associated with it have been described as the largest environmental problem facing the U.S. mining industry.1 Acid mine drainage occurs when sulfide minerals in the waste rock react with air and water to form sulfuric acid. This acid leaches out metals in the rock, which can enter nearbyFile Size: 77KB. Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils: Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation - Ebook written by James A. Jacobs, Jay H. Lehr, Stephen M. Testa. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate. Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a pollutant that arises from exposure of metal sulphide minerals such as the abundantly available pyrite (FeS 2) to oxygen and water during the mining of metals and coals [1, 2].Pyrite undergoes oxidation in a series of reactions, the first stage (trigger) of which results in production of sulfuric acid and ferrous sulfate as provided in by: 1. Acid Mine Drainage Control & Treatment Paperback – by Paul Ziemkiewicz (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Paperback, "Please retry" — — Author: Paul Ziemkiewicz.

  Process of Acid Mine Drainage • Geochemical and microbial reactions during weathering of sulfide minerals (pyrite) in coal, refuse, or mine overburden – Oxidation of sulfide minerals in the presence of air, water, and bacteria – Formation of sulfuric acid and increase in acidity – Solubilization of metals due to low pH 5. Acid Rock Drainage as a concern and part of all metals and mining operations. ARD is often mislabelled AMD or Acid Mine Drainage too. So, to better understand AMD and ARD, let’s begin by defining some terms like pH -The standard measure of acidity. The pH scale actually measures hydrogen ion concentration in water solutions. Pure neutral water has a pH of 7, acids have a pH less than 7 and. Acid Mine Drainage Overview Acid rock drainage (ARD) is produced by the oxidation of sulfide minerals, chiefly iron pyrite or iron disulfide (FeS2). This is a natural chemical reaction which can proceed when minerals are exposed to air and water. Acidic drainage is found around the worldFile Size: KB. Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and.

Get this from a library! Acid mine drainage: sub-council report. [National Industrial Pollution Control Council. Coal Sub-Council.; United States. Department of Commerce.]. The costs of remediating historic mine sites releasing acid mine drainage are $ or more per hectare, and these costs would also apply to mine sites where acid drainage is discovered late in mine life or after mine closure. The costs of treating contaminated water-filled voids or seepages from adits would be additional. Acid mine Drainage (AMD) is a low pH, sulphate and heavy metal rich leachate that is produced from oxidation of sulphide bearing minerals commonly found in the host rocks of some mineral : Terence Mccarthy.

Acid mine drainage Download PDF EPUB FB2

“Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Acid Sulphate Soils is more than a textbook.

Illustrated with dozens of photographs, charts, tables and maps, the book is a compendium of 36 scientific papers written by.

Provides the tools needed to analyze and solve acid drainage problems. Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate by: Neuware - Acid mine drainage (AMD) isamong the most significant environmental challenges facing the mining industry occurs as a result of natural oxidation of sulphide minerals contained in mining wastes at operating and decommissioned mine may adversely impact the surface water and groundwater quality and land use due to.

Problems Associated with Mine Drainage Contaminated drinking water Disrupted growth and reproduction of aquatic plants and animals Corroding effects of acid on parts of infrastructure such as bridges Acid Mine Drainage Mines built as early as the ’s were developed in a manner which utilized gravity drainage, to avoid excessive water accumulation in the mines.

K.A. Natarajan, in Biotechnology of Metals, Acid mine drainage (AMD) is generated under environmental conditions when sulfide minerals are exposed to oxygen, water, and acidophilic microorganisms.

Mining, waste ore burden, tailings, and exposure of abandoned mines to the environment promote AMD, catalyzed by naturally occurring acidophilic chemolithotrophic bacteria. This SpringerBrief focuses on Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in the three basins in the Witwatersrand, South Africa.

It provides a background to AMD and its impactsfrom a social science South African government and non-governmental organizations’ response to AMD is assessed, as well the socio-economic and developmental effects of AMD.

Acid Mine Drainage. Mine-acid drainage (MAD) is the run-off produced when water comes into contact with exposed rocks containing sulfur-bearing minerals that react with water and air to form sulfuric acid, dissolved Fe and Al, and other chemical elements (Blowes et al., ).

Mine drainage is formed when pyrite (an iron sulfide) is exposed and reacts with air and water to form sulfuric acid and dissolved iron. Some or all of this iron can precipitate to form the red, orange, or yellow sediments in the bottom of streams containing mine drainage. The acid runoff further dissolves heavy metals such as copper, lead, and mercury into groundwater or.

Acid rock drainage; Acidic mine drainage; Acidic rock drainage; Mine water pollution; Polluted mine water Definition Water encountered in and/or draining from active or abandoned mines which has a low pH and/or highly elevated concentrations of potentially ecotoxic metals.

This lesson reviews Acid mine drainage book basic history and causes of acid mine drainage (AMD), as well as the chemical mechanisms of acid production and methods used to. Rusdinar Y and Prasetyo G () Longterm management of overburden and acid rock drainage in Grasberg Open Pit.

ln 'Proceedings of the 3rd lndonesian. Acid Mine Drainage Prediction compares acid rock drainage factors of waste rock piles and tailings impoundments. In examining this table, it is important to note that diffusion of oxygen into water is slow and, therefore, oxidation of iron sulfide is inhibited until the water level drops, which can occur periodically or seasonally in some cases.

In a nutshell, acid mine drainage is a form of water pollution that happens when rain, runoff, or streams come in contact with rock that is rich in sulfur. As a result, the water becomes very acidic and damages downstream aquatic ecosystems.

In some regions, it is the most common form of stream and river : Frederic Beaudry. Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is a problem occurring across the globe, including in Southeastern Ohio. This lesson covers the basic chemistry behind AMD and the remediation processes, as.

Acid Mine Drainage A high school freshman sits in a grass meadow where two mountain ridges slope down and join. As the young observer gazes across the landscape, he sees a scar on the neighboring ridge. At first it looks like a rockslide or scree slope, but on closer examination he sees a hole in the mountainside.

It is an abandoned mine with a waste rock pile at its entrance. The South African Human Rights commission acknowledges MARIETTE LIEFFERINK and EUGENE VILJOEN for providing the photographs that appear in this booklet. Mariette is the CEO of the Federation for a Sustainable Environment and was a member of the SAHRC Section 05 Committee on Human Rights and Acid Mine Drainage.

Eugene is one of the Commission’s. This SpringerBrief focuses on Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in the three basins in the Witwatersrand, South Africa. It provides a background to AMD and its impactsfrom a social science South African government and non-governmental organizations’ response to AMD is assessed, as well theBrand: Springer International Publishing.

ACID MINE DRAINAGE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OPTIONS Nural Kuyucak Golder Associates Ltd. Courtwood Crescent Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K2C 2B5 Phone:+ 1Fax:+ 1 e-mail: [email protected] ABSTRACT Acid mine drainage (AMD) is one of most significant environmental challenges facing the mining industry worldwide.

Acid mine drainage (AMD) is typically characterized by low pH and high dissolved iron. The acid mine drainage may also contain high amounts of CO2 which forms carbonic acid and further depresses the pH. There are four chemical reactions that represent the chemistry of pyrite weathering to.

South Africa is facing the increasing challenge of acid mine drainage (AMD) whose genesis is the country s mining history, which paid limited attention to post-mining mine site management.

In mineral resource-rich Africa, this has emerged as one of the most daunting challenges of our by: 2. Acidification is a universal problem at all mining sites in which oxygenated water comes in contact with sulfide minerals or other reduced sulfur compounds.

An International Workshop was held in September at the Department for Inland Water Research of the UFZ-Centre for Environmental Research. What is acid mine drainage. AMD or acid rock drainage (ARD), collectively called acid drainage (AD), is acidic water (pH less than ), laden with iron, sulfate and other metals, that forms when geologic strata containing sulfide minerals such as pyrite are exposed to the atmosphere or oxidizing environments.

Acid mine drainage (AMD) consists of metal-laden solutions produced by the oxidative dissolution of iron sulfide minerals exposed to air, moisture, and acidophilic microbes during the mining of coal and metal deposits.

The pH of AMD is usually in the range of 2–6, but mine-impacted waters at circumneutral pH (5–8) are also common. Mine drainage usually contains elevated concentrations of Cited by: 1.

Acid mine drainage (AMD) occurs primarily when the mineral ore pyrite (FeS 2) is exposed to water and oxygen from air, producing soluble iron and sulfuric reason that pyrite is important in AMD generation is that it forms under a variety of conditions and is widespread in different rock types.

Acid Mine Drainage Research Acid mine drainage (AMD) has been the subject of intensive research since the 's. Research efforts have proceeded recently through the Acid Drainage Technology Initiative.

The major areas of research on AMD are Prediction of AMD and Prevention/Mitigation. The following is an overview of information on some major File Size: 89KB.

@article{osti_, title = {Acid mine drainage: Common law, SMCRA, and the Clean Water Act}, author = {Henrich, C}, abstractNote = {Acid mine drainage is a major problem related to coal mining which, if unabated, can severely damage the aquatic environment.

Damage resulting from acid mine drainage was first addressed by common law and riparian principles. An Introduction to Acid Mine Drainage. George Mitchell. and Tim Craddock. AMD affects over miles of. streams in West Virginia. Extent of AMD in the mid-Appalachian region.

What is. Acid Mine Drainage. Basically, AMD formation. is an oxidation process. Oxidation is File Size: 6MB. Acid Mine Drainage: Chemistry Acid mine drainage impacts stream and river ecosystems through acidity, ferric ion (Fe 3+) precipitation, oxygen depletion, and release of heavy metals associated with coal and metal mining, such as aluminum (Al 3+), zinc (Zn 2+), and manganese (Mn 2+).

When mineral deposits that contain sulfides are mined, they have the potential to produce acid mine drainage.

Acid Rock Drainage and Acid Mine Drainage Acid rock drainage (ARD) is a natural process in which sulfuric acid is produced when sulfides in rocks—for example, pyrite (FeS 2)—are exposed to air and occurs along outcrops or scree slopes where sulfide-bearing rock is naturally weathered.

Book Description: South Africa is facing the increasing challenge of acid mine drainage (AMD) whose genesis is the country's mining history, which paid limited attention to post-mining mine site management.

Acid mine drainage, acid and metalliferous drainage (AMD), or acid rock drainage (ARD) refers to the outflow of acidic water from metal mines or coal mines.

Acid rock drainage occurs naturally within some environments as part of the rock weathering process but is exacerbated by large-scale earth disturbances characteristic of mining and other large construction activities, usually within.Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a typical source of environmental pollution ascribing to its characteristics of high acidity and heavy metal content.

Currently, most strategies for AMD treatment merely focus on metal removal rather than metal recovery.

However, bioelectrochemical system (BES) is a promising technology to simultaneously remove and recover metal ions from : Chenbing Ai, Shanshan Hou, Zhang Yan, Xiaoya Zheng, Charles Amanze, Liyuan Chai, Guanzhou Qiu, Weimi.Hands-on Experiments To Test for Acid Mine Drainage Dr.

Eleanora I. Robbins U.S. Geological Survey National Center Reston, VA [email protected] Sandra L. McSurdy Department of Energy Pittsburgh Research Center P.O. Box Pittsburgh, PA [email protected] Timothy Craddock West Virginia Division of Environmental.